0;*/ $_t4StyleInternal = $internal; if($_t4StyleInPreview){ $_t4StyleBaseServer = 'https://t4.gla.ac.uk'; } else { $_t4StyleBaseServer = 'http://www.gla.ac.uk'; } if($_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'] == 'udcf.gla.ac.uk') { $_t4StyleBaseServer = 'https://udcf.gla.ac.uk'; } elseif($_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'] == 'www2.gla.ac.uk') { $_t4StyleBaseServer = 'https://www2.gla.ac.uk'; } elseif(($_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'] == 'www.gla.ac.uk')&&($_SERVER['REQUEST_SCHEME'] == 'https')) { $_t4StyleBaseServer = 'https://www.gla.ac.uk'; } ?> edit in t4', $internal); ?>
The MRes in Biomedical Sciences (Integrative Mammalian Biology) provides a unique opportunity to gain skills in in vivo research.  There is a shortage of academics and those within Industry with in vivo research skills, and so this MRes will provide training that will considerably improve your future career options, particularly within Industry.  Glasgow is one of only four centres of excellence in these skills and is the only place you can undertake such an MRes in the UK.  This scholarship, for Scottish and EU applicants, will pay your fees and will cover the cost of Home Office Training and a personal licence.  Students undertake taught material covering endocrinology, higher skills in biological sciences and molecular genetics of disease.  The remainder of the course focuses on the research project which is chosen from a pool of submitted projects offered by researchers spanning cancer, immunology, neuroscience and cardiovascular diseases.  Many of our graduates go on to further postgraduate research at PhD level having gained invaluable in vivo research experience or continue to jobs within the health sector, pharmaceutical/biotechnology industry or biomedical sales.

EOD; $contentSummary = <<The central and most important part of the MRes is the two research projects that students undertake. Students choose both projects themselves in the subject areas that interest them and that will allow them to follow the career path they wish to follow. The MRes programme has a huge number of projects which students can choose from, across a wide spectrum of biomedical science.

The following are examples of the types of projects offered, to illustrate the range of subject areas.

• Making blood from human embryonic stem cells

• A gene-microarray based approach to the detection of recombinant human erythropoietin doping in endurance athletes

• Neuropathology of trypanosomiasis

• Development of a new technique for stem cell transfection

• Cloning and analysis of an inflammatory factor in cancer and autoimmune disease

• Analysis of viral induced cancer

Each year students have about 100 different projects to choose from and all students find research topics that interest them.

EOD; $contentSummary = <<Daniela Quintana

“I obtained a Masters of Research degree in Biomedical Sciences from the University of Glasgow in 2009. The MRes course was very stimulating and exciting as my classmates and I managed to learn a diversity of research topics in a very short time. We undertook two research projects; the University offered a variety of topics ranging from Genetics, Cell Engineering, Systems Biology, Ecology and many others. The fields of study I chose were Classic Genetics and Molecular Biology. I also had the amazing opportunity to interact with students from all over the world while getting to know other cultures. I believe obtaining a Masters of Research degree at Glasgow is a great way to prepare the path for future scientists as it provides a highly comprehensive level of research competence for a young mind set on science.”

Ramya M Gundurao

“I studied MRes Biomedical Science in Glasgow University in the year 2008-2009. I had a BSc biotechnology from Bangalore University in India and wanted to do a Master’s course abroad. Before joining, I was interviewed by Dr Joanna Wilson and Prof William Cushley in India and was offered the Postgraduate excellence scholarship award towards my tuition fee. The MRes course was an excellent exposure to latest research techniques and scientific experience. The layout of the programme with taught modules and research projects is very good for someone looking to gain more experience before a PhD. I did my research projects under the supervision of Dr Joanna Wilson in virology and Dr Mathis Riehle in cell engineering. Both projects taught me a lot not just in terms of theory and techniques but also in scientific thinking, analysing and planning. After passing the course with distinction, I knew I was well prepared to take on my PhD programme. Glasgow University and Glasgow city itself is a great place to be in with lots of activities happening all year round. As my first home away from home, I really enjoyed my year in Glasgow. The MRes class were a great bunch of students and I have made some good friends for life. The overall experience during the course was excellent and has played a big part in my career and personal development.”

EOD; $contentSummary = <<This is the annual award for best poster prize, which forms part of the MRes Biomedical Science degree. Students prepare a poster and present it to three members of staff, who question them on the content and subject area. This is excellent training for scientific meetings, where students often present their research in similar posters.

Biomed Poster Presentation  Biomed Sci poster presentation 2Biomed Sci poster presentation 3 Biomed Sci poster presentation 4 Biomed Sci pp6

‌‌ ‌Biomed Sci pp9Biomed Sci pp8Biomed Sci pp10

 

EOD; $contentSummary = << 0) { $degreeDesText = ' ' . implode('/', $degreeDes) . ''; } $programmeName = << '; $cardRelatedLinks .= '
  • Programme overview
  • '; foreach($additionalInfoSections AS $cardIndex => $card) { $cardRelatedLinks .= '
  • '.$card['heading'].'
  • '; } $cardRelatedLinks .= '
  • Related programmes
  • '; $cardRelatedLinks .= ''; if(isset($_GET['card']) && $_GET['card'] && array_key_exists($_GET['card'], $additionalInfoSections)) { $content[0] = htmlspecialchars_decode($additionalInfoSections[$_GET['card']]['content']); $content[1] = $cardRelatedLinks; display_content($content, $additionalInfoSections[$_GET['card']]['heading']); } elseif(isset($_GET['card']) && $_GET['card'] == "relatedprogrammes"){ display_content(array(writeProgrammeRelatedLinks($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'], true, $conn), $cardRelatedLinks), 'Related programmes'); } else { ?>
    Biomedical Sciences MRes at work
    $card) { echo ''; $preTabsContentHtml = str_replace('optionalcontent/#d.en.'.$card['id'],'?card='.$cardIndex, $preTabsContentHtml); } echo $preTabsContentHtml; if(hasComputerRequirements($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'], $conn)) { ?>

    Computer requirements for studying online

    Broadband internet connection

    • 3 mbps or higher

    Internet Browsers

    Our online learning platform Moodle is compatible with any standards compliant web browser. This includes:

    Desktop:

    • Chrome
    • Firefox
    • Safari
    • Edge
    • Internet Explorer

    Mobile:

    • MobileSafari
    • Google Chrome

    For the best experience and optimum security, we recommend that you keep your browser up to date. https://whatbrowser.org

    Javascript needs to be enabled within your browser

    Please note: legacy browsers with known compatibility issues with Moodle 3.3 are:

    • Internet Explorer 10 and below
    • Safari 7 and below

    Computer specifications

    • Processor: 2GHz
    • Operating system (minimum):
      • Microsoft Windows Vista service pack 1
      • Windows 7
      • Mac OS X v10.4.11+
    • Memory: 3GB of RAM or more
    • Hard disk: 300GB
    • Sound card and microphone
    • Speakers or headphones
    • Monitor and video card with 1024x768 display or higher

    Mobile device specifications

    • iOS: latest (Apple Safari & Google Chrome)
    • Android: 4.4+ with latest Google Chrome

    Other software

    • Adobe Acrobat Reader
    • Media player e.g. Windows Media Player or VLC
    • Word processing software (that outputs to the following file types for marking online: .doc, .docx, .html, .txt, .rft, .pdf, .ppt, .pptx, .pps, .hwp)
    • Anti-virus software

    Advised hardware / software

    • Microsoft Office 2010
    • Headset (ideally with a USB connector)
    • Webcam

    This postgraduate degree in biomedical sciences offers research training for students in order to gain all the required biomedical science entry requirements to proceed to a PhD. It is largely based on individual research projects rather than coursework, and allows you to specialise in a particular area of study.

      ' . $ODLText . ''; } ?>
    • MRes : 12 months full-time;
    • mvls-mresbms@glasgow.ac.uk 

      EOD; $contactInfo = str_replace('

      ', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('

      ', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('
      email', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('Further information: ', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('Contact:', '', $contactInfo); echo '
    • Academic contact: '.$contactInfo.'
    • '; echo '
    • Admissions contact: pgadmissions@glasgow.ac.uk
    • '; } else { $contactInfo = <<mvls-mresbms@glasgow.ac.uk 

      EOD; $contactInfo = str_replace('

      ', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('

      ', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('
      email', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('Further information: ', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('', '', $contactInfo); $contactInfo = str_replace('Contact:', '', $contactInfo); echo '
    • Contact: '.$contactInfo.'
    • '; } $entryMonths = getEntryMonths($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'], $conn); if($entryMonths['september'] || $entryMonths['january']) { echo '
    • '; if($entryMonths['september'] && $entryMonths['january']) { echo 'January or September'; } elseif($entryMonths['september']) { echo 'September'; } elseif($entryMonths['january']) { echo 'January'; } echo ' start
    • '; } ?>

    Why this programme

    Biomedical Sciences
    • Ranked amongst the world top 100 for biological sciences.
    • This MRes Biomedical Science provides training in a wide range of modern molecular biology techniques required to pursue a research career.
    • You will gain valuable practical research experience by using the skills and techniques acquired during the programme to complete two extensive research projects.
    • This programme is distinctive in that students complete two different extensive research projects of their choice, allowing them to acquire a wide range of knowledge and skills directly relevant to the study of human disease.
    • If you are aiming to study for a higher biomedical science degree, this programme is designed for you.
    • If you want to enter the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, this programme provides excellent training and is an ideal introduction for overseas students who may wish to proceed to PhD biomedical science studies in the UK.
    • You can choose to specialise within a particular discipline or area, which can be important for career development, see programme structure below for more information.

    Adam Smith Business School is triple accredited

    Programme structure

    The overall aims of the programme are

    • to provide students with the knowledge, skills and confidence needed to pursue a career in laboratory research.
    • to provide students with a theoretical and practical understanding of advanced techniques used in modern biomedical sciences research.
    • to provide students with the opportunity to practice research skills in the laboratory by completing two extensive research projects.

    MRes students have the opportunity to specialise in a particular discipline or area, which can be important for their career development. The specialisations are

    • Biotechnology
    • Cancer Studies
    • cardiovascular studies 
    • Cell Engineering
    • Integrative Mammalian Biology SFC funded places available
    • Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
    • Molecular Genetics
    • Neuroscience
    • Proteomics.

    To qualify for a specialisation, students must select two research projects in a cognate research area.

    EOT; foreach($additionalInfoSections AS $cardIndex => $card) { echo ''; $programmeStructureHtml = str_replace('optionalcontent/#d.en.'.$card['id'],'?card='.$cardIndex, $programmeStructureHtml); } echo $programmeStructureHtml; if (false && trim($coreCoursesCsv)) { echo '

    Core courses

    '; writeProgrammeCourses($coreCoursesCsv, false); if (trim($optionalCoreCoursesCsv)) { echo '

    Plus one from the following

    '; writeProgrammeCourses($optionalCoreCoursesCsv, false); } } if (false && trim($optionalCoursesCsv)) { echo '

    Optional courses

    '; writeProgrammeCourses($optionalCoursesCsv, false); } ?>

    Programme alteration or discontinuation
    The University of Glasgow endeavours to run all programmes as advertised. In exceptional circumstances, however, the University may withdraw or alter a programme. For more information, please see: Legal statements: Disclaimer.

    Entry requirements

    for entry in ' . $exceptionalEntryYearTest . ''; } ?>

    2013 Entry
    Places are still available for 2013 entry to this programme.

    Our website has been updated to reflect the 2014 entry requirements. In some cases there have been minor changes from the 2013 entry requirements, but please proceed with your 2013 online application and we will advise you if there have been any changes that you need to be aware of.

    A second class Honours degree or equivalent (eg GPA of 3.0 or above) in a relevant subject. Professional experience may be taken into account.

    International students with academic qualifications below those required should contact our partner institution, Glasgow International College, who offer a range of pre-Masters courses.

    '; if($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'] != '121') { echo '

    Further information regarding academic entry requirements: student.recruitment@glasgow.ac.uk

    '; } echo '
    '; echo '
    '; */ // HORRIFIC HACK WARNING: These are only three PGTs with no Eng Lang ERs (any more: add a new column in the db) if ($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'] != '429' && $GLOBALS['args']['courseid'] != '613' && $GLOBALS['args']['courseid'] != '121' && $GLOBALS['args']['courseid'] != '620' ) { ?>

    English language requirements

    For applicants whose first language is not English, the University sets a minimum English Language proficiency level.

    International English Language Testing System (IELTS) Academic module (not General Training)

    • overall score 6.5
    • no sub-test less than 6.0
    • or equivalent scores in another recognised qualification:

    Common equivalent English language qualifications

    All stated English tests are acceptable for admission for both home/EU and international students for this programme:

    • ibTOEFL: 90; no sub-test less than:
      • Reading: 20
      • Listening: 19
      • Speaking: 19
      • Writing: 23
    • CAE (Cambridge Certificate of Advanced English): 176 overall; no sub-test less than 169
    • CPE (Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English):  176 overall; no sub-test less than 169
    • PTE Academic (Pearson Test of English, Academic test): 60; no sub-test less than 59
    • Trinity College London Integrated Skills in English: ISEII at Distinction with Distinction in all sub-tests

    For international students, the Home Office has confirmed that the University can choose to use these tests to make its own assessment of English language ability for visa applications to degree level programmes. The University is also able to accept an IELTS test (Academic module) from any of the 1000 IELTS test centres from around the world and we do not require a specific UKVI IELTS test for degree level programmes. We therefore still accept any of the English tests listed for admission to this programme.

    Pre-sessional courses

    The University of Glasgow accepts evidence of the required language level from the English for Academic Study Unit Pre-sessional courses. We also consider other BALEAP accredited pre-sessional courses:

    FAQs

    What do I do if...

    my language qualifications are below the requirements?

    The University's English for Academic Study Unit offers a range of Pre-Sessional Courses to bring you up to entry level. The course is accredited by BALEAP, the UK professional association for academic English teaching; see Links.

    my language qualifications are not listed here?

    Please contact the Recruitment and International Office: pgadmissions@glasgow.ac.uk


     

    For further information about English language requirements, please contact the Recruitment and International Office: pgadmissions@glasgow.ac.uk

    Fees and funding

    View fees for entry in 2017-18

    Deposits

    International applicants (from beyond the EU) are requested to pay a deposit of £ when an offer is made.

    Deposits terms & conditions

    The University requires a deposit to be paid by International (beyond the EU) applicants in receipt of an offer to this programmes and who require a Certificate of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) from the University in order that they can apply for a student visa. This is required where the programme is competitive and the deposit is required in order to demonstrate your commitment to attend the programme should you meet all the conditions of your offer.

    If you are made an offer for this programme the University will write to you and request a deposit with information on how to pay your deposit and the deadline for making the deposit payment. Please note that if you are unable to pay a deposit because you are planning to fund your studies through an official financial sponsor then you should upload a copy of your scholarship application or award letter to your application by the deadline date.

    The following guidelines will apply in determining whether or not a deposit will be refunded. Where the deposit is refunded, a 10% handling fee will be deducted.

    Deposits WILL be refunded to applicants under the following circumstances:

    1. Where the University is unable to offer you a place.
    2. Where the applicant has personal circumstances such as illness, bereavement or other family situations that has prevented them coming to the UK. Medical or other proof may be requested.
    3. Applicant can prove that they have applied for a visa to attend the University of Glasgow, but the VISA has been refused. The applicant must have shown ‘real intent' to study at the University of Glasgow but has been unable to obtain their visa.
    4. Applicant does not meet his / her conditions of offer: this may be academic or language test requirements. Satisfactory evidence must be uploaded to the student’s online application to prove that they have not met the conditions of their offer (note that applicants who do not meet the language condition of their offer must show reasonable attempt to meet this, i.e. they must provide a language test which was taken after the date that the deposit was paid).

    Deposits WILL NOT be refunded to applicants under the following circumstances:

    1. Applicant decides to go to another institution.
    2. Applicant cannot be released from work to study at the University of Glasgow.
    3. Applicant does not send completed documentation as requested in the condition of the offer: this may be required in order to prove that the offer has not been met for academic or language test conditions - failure to respond to requests for this information will result in no refund.
    4. Applicant has not secured funding to attend the University of Glasgow: this may be as a result of not being successful in applications for scholarships, OR simply not having sufficient funds in bank at time of visa application. This condition will apply unless it can be proven that there are clear mitigating circumstances which have significantly changed the applicant’s position since the time of application.
    5. Applicant has decided to defer – in this situation the University will retain the deposit and credit it against the applicant’s account for securing their place for the following year of entry. 

    Refund requests must be made within 60 days of the programme start date stated on your offer letter: requests made after this date will be subject to discretion.


    Additional fees

    • Fee for re-assessment of a dissertation (PGT programme): £315
    • Submission of thesis after deadline lapsed: £250
    • Registration/exam only fee: £150
    • General Council fee: £50

    Funding opportunities

    getScholarshipsByProgramme($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'], 'pg'); if($scholarships){ echo $scholar->displayScholarshipInProgramme($scholarships); echo '

    The scholarships above are specific to this programme. For more funding opportunities search the scholarships database

    '; } else { echo '

    For a list of available scholarships please search the scholarships database

    '; } ?>

    How to apply

    We ask that you apply online for a postgraduate taught degree. Our system allows you to fill out the standard application form online and submit this to the University within 42 days of starting your application.

    You need to read the guide to applying online before starting your application. It will ensure you are ready to proceed, as well as answer many common questions about the process.

    Guide to applying online

    Do I have to apply online for a postgraduate taught degree?

    Yes. To apply for a postgraduate taught degree you must apply online. We are unable to accept your application by any other means than online.

    Do I need to complete and submit the application in a single session?

    No. You have 42 days to submit your application once you begin the process. You may save and return to your application as many times as you wish to update information, complete sections or upload additional documents such as your final transcript or your language test.

    What documents do I need to provide to make an application?

    As well as completing your online application fully, it is essential that you submit the following documents:

    • A copy (or copies) of your official degree certificate(s) (if you have already completed your degree)
    • A copy (or copies) of your official academic transcript(s), showing full details of subjects studied and grades/marks obtained
    • Official English translations of the certificate(s) and transcript(s)
    • Two supporting reference letters on headed paper
    • Evidence of your English Language ability (if your first language is not English)
    • Any additional documents required for this programme (see Entry requirements for this programme)
    • A copy of the photo page of your passport (Non-EU students only)

    If you do not have all of these documents at the time of submitting your application then it is still possible to make an application and provide any further documents at a later date, as long as you include a full current transcript (and an English translation if required) with your application. See the ‘Your References, Transcripts and English Qualification’ sections of our Frequently Asked Questions for more information.

    Do my supporting documents need to be submitted online?

    Yes, where possible, please upload the supporting documents with your application.

    How do I provide my references?

    You must either upload the required references to your online application or ask your referees to send the references to the University as we do not contact referees directly. There is two main ways that you can provide references: you can either upload references on headed paper when you are making an application using the Online Application (or through Applicant Self-Service after you have submitted your application) or you can ask your referee to email the reference directly to pgadmissions@glasgow.ac.uk. See the 'Your References, Transcripts and English Qualifications' section of the Frequently Asked Questions for more information.

    What if I am unable to submit all of my supporting documents online?

    If you cannot upload an electronic copy of a document and need to send it in by post, please attach a cover sheet to it that includes your name, the programme you are applying for, and your application reference number.

    You may send them to:

    Postgraduate Admissions
    71 Southpark Avenue
    Glasgow
    G12 8QQ

    Can I email my supporting documents?

    No. We cannot accept email submissions of your supporting documents.

    What entry requirements should I have met before applying? Where can I find them?

    You should check that you have met (or are likely to have met prior to the start of the programme) the individual entry requirements for the degree programme you are applying for. This information can be found on the ‘entry requirements’ tab on each individual programme page, such as the one you are viewing now.

    What English Language requirements should I have met before applying? Where can I find them?

    If you are an international student, you should also check that you have met the English Language requirements specific to the programme you are applying for. These can also be found on the ‘entry requirements’ tab for each specific programme.

    Further Information

    Please see the Frequently Asked Questions for more information on applying to a postgraduate taught programme.

    Guidance notes for using the online application

    These notes are intended to help you complete the online application form accurately, they are also available within the help section of the online application form. If you experience any difficulties accessing the online application then you should visit the Application Troubleshooting/FAQs page.

    • Name and Date of birth: must appear exactly as they do on your passport. Please take time to check the spelling and lay-out.
    • Contact Details: Correspondence address. All contact relevant to your application will be sent to this address including the offer letter(s). If your address changes, please contact us as soon as possible.
    • Choice of course: Please select carefully the course you want to study. As your application will be sent to the admissions committee for each course you select it is important to consider at this stage why you are interested in the course and that it is reflected in your application.
    • Proposed date of entry: Please state your preferred start date including the month and the year. Taught masters degrees tend to begin in September. Research degrees may start in any month.
    • Education and Qualifications: Please complete this section as fully as possible indicating any relevant Higher Education qualifications starting with the most recent. Complete the name of the Institution (s) as it appears on the degree certificate or transcript.
    • English Language Proficiency: Please state the date of any English language test taken (or to be taken) and the award date (or expected award date if known).
    • Employment and Experience: Please complete this section as fully as possible with all employments relevant to your course. Additional details may be attached in your personal statement/proposal where appropriate.
    • References: Please provide the names and contact details of two academic references. Where applicable one of these references may be from your current employer. References should be completed on letter headed paper and uploaded on to your application.

    Standard application deadlines

    • International applications (non-EU): 21 July 2018 
    • UK and EU applications: 25 August 2018

    Classes start September 2018 and you may be expected to attend induction sessions the week before.

    Application fee

    A fee of £25 per application must be paid by all applicants to this programme. The application fee will be requested when you apply online and it can be paid using your credit or debit bank card.

    Terms and conditions

    The application fee is non-refundable so it is important that you check any specific entry requirements for the programme. If you are applying with qualifications from outside the UK then you should check the postgraduate taught entry requirements for your country: see International students: In your country

    Applicants who are sponsored may have the application fee waived at the point of applying online. However if the sponsorship status changes before the student registers with the University and the student is self-funding the University reserves the right to invoice the student for the initial application fee.

    Find out more about Application fees


    Please note: applications for SFC funded places are open for entry in September 2016.

    '; } writeApplyNow($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'], $conn); ?>
    0) { $additionalSectionsList = ''; $additionalSectionsList .= '
      '; foreach($additionalInfoSections AS $cardIndex => $card) { $additionalSectionsList .= '
    • '.$card['heading'].'
    • '; } $additionalSectionsList .= '
    '; writeTile('More information about this programme', $additionalSectionsList, '', '', 4, 'TileBackgroundAlt3'); } $showProspectusTile = shouldShowProspectusLink($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'], $conn); $showOpenDayTile = shouldShowOpenDayLink($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'], $conn); if($showOpenDayTile) { writeTile('Postgraduate events', 'Open Days, information sessions, campus tours, events near you', '/about/visit/postgraduateevents/', 'students on campus', 4, 'TileBackgroundDefault'); } if($showProspectusTile) { writeTile('Download', 'Postgraduate prospectus 2018', '/prospectuses/postgraduate/', 'Download Postgraduate prospectus 2018”>', 
        4, 
        'TileBackgroundDefault');
}
?>

    <!--end standard wrapper-->
</div>    <!--content ends here-->

<?php writeProgrammeRelatedLinks($GLOBALS['args']['courseid'], false, $conn); 

$relatedLinks = <<<EOT
<ul>
<li><a href=Scholarships available EOT; $relatedLinksPhp = << EOT; echo '
    '; echo '

    Related links

    '; if(trim($relatedLinks) || trim($relatedLinksPhp)) { $heading = ''; $url = ''; $imageTag = ''; $columnSpan = '4'; $background = 'TileBackgroundCobalt'; writeTile($heading, $relatedLinks.$relatedLinksPhp, $url, $imageTag, $columnSpan, $background); } echo $childLinks; echo '
    '; } // end card shuffle ?>